Corneal Transplant

What Is A Corneal Transplant?

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The corneal transplant is medicine's most successful transplant operation. The procedure involves removing the cornea from the donor eye with a special instrument resembling a small cookie cutter. The same method is used to remove the damaged cornea from the patient's eye. The surgeon then stitches the new cornea into place.

For many individuals, a corneal transplant may be the only hope to restore vision, and may be necessary when the cornea is cloudy or damaged due to disease, injury, accident, or hereditary conditions. In these situations, the cornea must be removed and replaced with healthy donor tissue. The procedure is successful in 95 percent of cases, restoring sight and, in some cases, even providing sight for the first time.

Indications for corneal transplant include:
  • Corneal ulcers, a type of infection that often leads to scarring
  • Trauma
  • Fuch's Dystrophy
  • Keratoconus
  • Bullens keratopathy

Corneal transplant procedures:
Denotating Keratophy: Corneal transplant where all layers of the cornea are problematic.
Anterior lamellar Keratophy: The stema or fruit patint of the cornea is in a less than desirable condition. The inner layer of the patint is healthy and preserved. A typical indicator is corneal scarring.
DSEAK: The inner layer of the cornea is problematic and thus replaced with the stema, uninfected and preserved. Indications include fuchs endothehal dystopy and keratopathy.

Symptoms:
R: increased Redness
S: increased Sensitivity to light
V: decreased Vision
P: increased Pain